Russian Security Services Study Turin Shroud, Say Christ Was Crucified
Experts from the Russian Federal Security Service, the FSB have studied the shroud of Turin and found proof of it being indeed an image of a crucified man with wounds that Jesus Christ could have.
Criminologists of the Federal Security
Service subjected the shroud, believed to be Christ’s grave clothes, to
a number of experiments.
For the purity of experiment, the shroud with an imprint of a human body was studied as an ordinary corpus delicti, regardless of its historical value.
“First, we have dated the cloth,” the head of the criminology department Anatoly Fesenko told Zhizn daily. “We estimate it to be no less than 2,000 years old. American experts were wrong to say it was only 1,000 years old,” he said.
Then, by studying the imprints on the shroud, experts described the wounds that its bearer had.
“We were in possession of an image of a man , back and front. The man had been whipped with whips of Roman kind, five-tailed with lead buttons on ends,” Fesenko said.
The man has a broad mark on his shoulder, as if he had been carrying something heavy. His nose is broken, and the left cheek swollen. The man’s features are asymmetrical, because as he had endured great pain, the face muscles contracted differently after he died.
The man’s arms and legs bear marks of similar large wounds where the man could be nailed to the cross. The chest looks typical of someone who dies of asphyxia.
The nails however were not drawn into palms, as we usually see them in icons, but pierced the arm close to the hand between two bones.
By conducting another series of experiments with cloth similar to that of the shroud, experts were united in the opinion that the Turin shroud is by no means a fake. The image on the shroud indeed depicts a crucified man whose wounds are identical to those that the Bible describes Christ to have had.
Copyright © 2004 MOSNEWS.COM
Why the Shroud of Turin is real
by Michael H. Brown
As we reach the height of Holy Week, we are reminded of the
surrounding the Turin Shroud. Let's put
them to rest: the shroud is real.
I'm not going to get into a long argument here with so many dates
places that your eyes will glaze. Let's get right to
the heart of the matter. The shroud is a length of linen with an image of a strong tall bearded man who looks very much
like older paintings of Jesus (before artists began to modify them). It's in negative. Only when the camera was invented
in the 19th century did the details of its features become clear.
While scientists debate a bunch of technicalities, an overwhelming
stands out: No one can explain how the image
got on a piece of cloth in the first place. Even with modern technology, it would be impossible to inflect such an image
on imperfect fabric in a way that displayed no use of pigments or any type of artistic substance and left no distortion.
You could not do the image with a laser without scientists detecting the technique. You couldn't do it any known way.
The image is just there.
Only a single layer of fibers is affected in a way no one can discern.
That overwhelming fact -- that no one in the world can explain the
used to form the image -- is enough for
most people. But let's take it a step further. Even if there was a way of inflecting the image in the way it was inflected,
how could anyone have done it in negative, especially back in the Middle Ages?
Those who dispute the Shroud would have us believe that back in
times someone forged this image and
magically was able to do so in a way that anticipated the later invention (six hundred years later) of the camera. It is not
a very convincing argument. They base such views on so-called radiocarbon dating that they say places the shroud's
age in the Middle Ages, making it only 600 years or so old and not 2,000 and thus "proving" it could not have been what
many claim, the burial cloth of Jesus.
The problem with the carbon dating, however, is that the shroud had
been through two fires up to that point in its
history, one of which scorched the linen itself. When something is in a fire it picks up carbon residues that skew
radiocarbon dating. And radiocarbon dating is suspect to begin with. Scientists throw out a lot of dates for everything,
but I've seen cases where such dating, at least with ancient fossils, has been off by thousands of years. In the case of the
Dead Sea scrolls, radiocarbon dating could only narrow them to between 235 B.C. or 235 A.D. -- a period of 470 years
(while another test hinted that linen from a scroll cave dated to 12 centuries later!).
Meanwhile, there are plenty of examinations that back up the Shroud.
Incredible are tests that confirm authenticity by
revealing that there are spores and pollen in the shroud, as well as images, that come from flowers and plants that are
only found in Israel (despite skeptical claims that it was forged in Europe) and that furthermore only come from the
vicinity of Jerusalem! The pollen of one plant, Zygophyllum dumosum, was especially significant because its
northernmost extent is in the area of Jerusalem. In all more than two dozen of the species whose imprints were found
on the shroud have been correlated with plants listed in Israel. "We discovered that there is one square of ten
kilometers to a side that contains 70 percent of the species were were seeking -- and is located midway between
Jerusalem and Jericho," says Israeli botanist Avinoam Danin of Hebrew University. "Another check determined that five
of the five-kilometer-sided squares containing 27 of the 28 species are in the Jerusalem area."
Scientists scrutinizing the shroud are amazed at the precision of
detail, the way the wounds correspond exactly with
the wounds of Christ, the indications of actual blood, the precision of how the bones were structured and the blood
flowed, the exact portrayal of how a body would be after crucifixion, the spots indicating where the crown of thorns
were, the marks on the back that precisely resemble what would happen with the type of implement used back then to
scourge, and even the fact the computer-enhanced images of the eyes show they had been covered (as was the custom)
with coins -- coins found to have the image of a ruler who reigned at that time.
More scientific details can be found by clicking onto some of our
links on the front page of Spirit Daily, or by
clicking on the image of the shroud itself. We could go on forever with details supporting authenticity. To me the bottom
line is how I felt when I visited the Turin Cathedral in 1990. Although the shroud was not on display, it was in a chamber
above the altar and as I approached the vault in which it was kept, I felt a tremendous force come upon me, one that
pressed me to my knees on that hard marble and led me through the most perfect prayer of my life. I then spent 45
minutes reciting the Scriptural Rosary as a fantastic grace came upon me. No scientist could ever diminish that and I
will never forget it. It was as powerful as visiting Lourdes or Medjugorje.
A few years ago, there was another fire (Satan is always trying to
this greatest of relics), but a fireman heroically
saved the shroud by breaking into the vault as flames roared around him. The fireman had been a nonbeliever but said
he felt an incredible force as he was trying to save it. Something came upon him too. He is an atheist no longer.
Read the blood testing of the Shroud, theSudarium of Oviedo, Spain
face cloth of Jesus), and the blood of the Eucharistic Miracle of
all match. Odds greater than 1 in 15000. Click here
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