After decades studying Christ's death, Dr. Frederick Zugibe, proves wounds in the hands indicated by the Shroud of Turin, and also matching the stigmata of Padre Pio, Catalina Rivas, Francis, and the saints who bore the wounds,  would support the weight during crucifixion.

Original publication: June 11, 2002 By BOB BAIRD
For more than half a century, Rockland's chief medical examiner, Dr. Frederick Zugibe, has applied the science he uses every day to study the crucifixion of Christ and the authenticity of the Shroud of Turin, which many believe to be his burial cloth.
Zugibe, who held master's and doctoral degrees in anatomy before earning his medical degree.
While doing the medical examiner's job since 1969 which he describes as identifying criminality and public health hazards he has written extensively, publishing numerous books and journal articles, and appeared in countless television documentaries, including a recent one for The Learning Channel. He has even gone so far as to involve his family in his experiments, which, he says, disprove many conclusions reached by earlier students of Christ's death.  And, just recently, he traveled to Europe to deliver yet another scholarly paper and to be honored in Fatima, the town in Portugal where in 1917 three young children said they saw an apparition of the Virgin Mary.
As with knights of old, his honor came at the end of an adventure, this one beginning in Paris.
Zugibe was there with his wife, Catherine, to address the International Symposium on the Shroud of Turin. "I was able to show the result of my experiments proving the palms of the hands will support the weight of the body in crucifixion." For 50 years, conclusions to the contrary by Pierre Barbet had been quoted over and over, taken as fact although he had not supported them with experimentation, Zugibe says.
Zugibe, on the other hand, has gone so far as to crucify one of his sons to study his respiration and the anatomical effects of hanging from a cross, in the process proving asphyxiation was not the cause of death in crucifixion. Of course, Thomas Zugibe, an attorney, wasn't nailed through the hands and was uninjured.
Working with another son, Kevin, who is a mechanical engineer, Zugibe was able to use sophisticated programmable instruments to show that the forces exerted during crucifixion were less than Barbet theorized and that the palms would withstand them. In fact, Zugibe says, a nail through a particular point at the base of the palm would emerge in precisely the spot shown on the Shroud of Turin. He saw proof of that once during an autopsy of a stabbing victim who had a defensive wound that followed that path.
His conclusions, Zugibe says, were well-received in Paris, even though they disproved the work of a highly regarded French expert.
After 33 years of autopsies and investigations at his office in Pomona, Zugibe says, he's thinking about retirement. But at 74, he hasn't finished his study of the crucifixion and shroud.
"I have my faith," he says, "but I push the religious out when I'm experimenting," instead going wherever his science takes him. "If it matches my faith, that's fine."